Colloque "Worship soundspaces" en langue anglaise, satellite de la 9ème Conférence Internationale "Auditorium Acoustics 2015" - du jeudi 29 octobre au samedi 31 octobre 2015.
Christine Guillebaud (CNRS, Laboratoire d’Ethnologie et de Sociologie Comparative, LESC-CREM UMR 7186, Université Paris Ouest Nanterre)
Frédéric Keck (Musée du quai Branly, Directeur du Département de la Recherche et de l’Enseignement)
Catherine Lavandier (Laboratoire « Mobilités-Réseaux-Territoires-Environnement », LMRTE EA 4113, Université de Cergy-Pontoise
The aim of this workshop is to explore, with a trans-disciplinary perspective, the various sonic issues project managers encounter when building or rehabilitating worship spaces in different cultural contexts. Building or rehabilitating such spaces should not only answer to requirements dictated by the building but should also take into account the practices, perceptions and expectations of the various actors and users of those spaces (religious officiants and practitioners, etc.).
The colloquium will be structured around three issues:
The first part will be devoted to ritual action as a “sensory experience”. This theme will address the effects perceived in rooms, such as reverberation, or the intelligibility of speech, and the influence of these effects on the multisensory experience of the participants, without neglecting the sense of silence (or conversely saturation) in such places.
The second part will address the worship space in terms of “limits and boundaries.” This theme will focus on sound sources and the manner they are perceived both inside the space and outside, considering enclosed, nested, or open spaces. We will examine the scope of sound messages within architectural borders but also beyond the walls.
The third part will deal with the theories of the sound between “past and present.” This theme will address the acoustic theories, the collection of initial intentions and sound requirements, which were formed at different times concerning places of worship. This is based on written sources and their interpretations that some contemporary architects and acousticians now seem up to meeting the challenges of preserving or are led to reconstruct from the perspective of the construction of new sites.
These three themes will be systematically addressed by at least two complementary approaches involving human sciences and engineering sciences. They will be broken down in different cultural contexts with their own meanings.
P.A.R.E (Place, Architecture, and Responsive Environments) is a 3 weeks long residency that is happening in the Hexagram Black box at Concordia University, where researchers will tackle research questions that relate to the themes of Place, Architecture, and Responsive environments, and engage in a dialogue that will potentially lead to future collaborations.
Public open house on Thursday, April 30th to showcase the work, and a long-table discussion on Friday May 1st.
In the building of healthcare settings the impact of our sensory surroundings on our general well being and healing process is being highlighted as a key area of interest to be met as a part of the overall architectural approach described under concepts such as Evidence Based Design, Healing Architecture, Hospital for The Senses. Unfolding these visions in the auditive area calls for reflections on how sound and music can be thought as an integrated part of such a multisensory design, art or architectural or atmospheric approach of shared spaces.
Currently we also experience an increasing interest in different kinds of digital self-help audio material, storable in smartphones and suitable for mobile, modern everyday life. Various therapeutic audio material (spoken, musical, sound designed) is offered by psychologist, pharmacies and (self-taught) therapists on the Internet. Investigations of the psychological as well as somatic effects of perceived sound are central in this issue of SoundEffects, and we would like also to encourage contributions on voice and organized sound addressing sound and health in relation to specific media, genres, needs, disorders, and social and cultural behavior.
Another relevant perspective is auscultation and other practices of listening aided by acoustic and technological devices used in healthcare. Currently sonification of data is an emerging field of research, as well as artists exploring alternative forms of technological-aided listening beyond the limitations of human capabilities, termed non-cochlear- ultra- and infra-sound. We seek concepts, methods and tools for analyzing, designing, evaluating and unfolding the acoustic shared environment considering site-specificity as well as individual, social, technological and cultural listening circumstances in relation to health. Contributions to this volume are invited to explore (but not restricted to) the following themes related to healthcare:
Ecological approaches to shared sound, music and listening.
Sound design and music for shared atmospheres.
Alternative interfaces for interactive sound and music.
Generative soundscapes, music and dynamic composition.
Audio technologies for social interaction and individual listening.
Tools and methods for sound design and evaluation of sound design.
Shared and individual listening and coping strategies.
Audio therapy and mobile listening.
Music therapy and Music intervention.
Sound and somatic cure
Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR), whispering, and spoken word therapy.
Sonification, auscultation and other technological aided listening tactics
How are we to account for the spatial, material and social arrangements which make a particular sensory configuration – an ambiance – at a given point in history? In raising this vast question, this special issue of the Ambiances journal aims to fill some of the gaps in history as it is currently practised: gaps relating to the environmental awareness of societies in the past with regard to buildings, gaps which show that the historical evolution of architecture and cities is linked to concrete experience of the built environment, appraisal of its potential for being inhabited, and its transformation for the demands and joys of use. So, with this call for papers, we are positing that the ambiance of these places and spaces is one of the little understood forces in architectural and urban history.
In their work Lucien Febvre, Alain Corbin, Sabine Barles, Jacques Léonard and Geneviève Massard-Guilbaud – among others – have plotted the growth of olfactory, auditory and visual pollution. Many recent scientific publications have also highlighted the permanence of these phenomena in history. Treating ambiance as a historical object, as a medium for new knowledge about past buildings – much as ongoing research into the weather, desire, the human body or private life – opens the way for three new types of investigation:
Exploring sensory sources over time
Interpreting and reconstituting past sensory experience
Revealing imaginary ambiances
Launch of the call for papers: 15th February 2015
Deadline for reception of proposals: 15th May (500 to 800 words)
Response to authors: 15th June
Deadline for reception of complete articles: 15th October (4000 to 8000 words)
Projected publication of the special issue: September 2016
Special issue Editors
Olivier Balaÿ, architect, urbanist and faculty member, professor at École Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Lyon, researcher at Cresson, UMR AAU CNRS-MCC-ECN
Stéphane Frioux, lecturer in modern history, Université Lumière-Lyon2, researcher at Laboratoire de Recherche Historique Rhône-Alpes, UMR CNRS 5190 LARHRA.
Nathalie Simonnot, architectural historian, researcher at LÉAV, École Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Versailles, France
Comment peut-on rendre compte des dispositions spatiales, matérielles et sociales qui fabriquent une configuration sensible particulière, une ambiance, à un moment donné de l’histoire ? En posant cette vaste question, ce dossier thématique de la revue Ambiances cherche à combler quelques-unes des brèches dans l’histoire conduite aujourd’hui : celles qui touchent à la conscience environnementale des sociétés du passé sur les constructions, celles qui énoncent que l’évolution historique de l’architecture et des villes est liée à l’expérience concrète de l’environnement construit, à l’évaluation de son potentiel d’habitabilité, à sa transformation pour les besoins et la joie de l’usage. Nous faisons ainsi de cet appel à articles un pari : celui de placer l’ambiance de ces espaces et de ces lieux comme une des forces méconnues de l’histoire architecturale et urbaine.
Les travaux de Lucien Febvre, d’Alain Corbin, de Sabine Barles, de Jacques Léonard, de Geneviève Massard-Guilbaud, pour ne citer qu’eux, ont retracé la croissance des pollutions olfactives, auditives et visuelles. De nombreuses manifestations scientifiques récentes ont également mis en évidence la permanence de ces phénomènes dans l’histoire. Interroger l’ambiance comme objet historique, comme support de connaissances nouvelles sur les bâtiments du passé, au même titre que le sont aujourd’hui les recherches sur le temps, le désir, le corps, la beauté, la vie privée, etc. permet d’ouvrir trois nouveaux types d’investigations :
Explorer les sources du sensible à travers le temps
Interpréter et restituer les expériences sensibles passées
Révéler des imaginaires d’ambiance
Lancement de l’appel à articles : 15 février 2015
Réception des propositions : 15 mai 2015 (3000 à 5000 signes)
Réponses aux auteurs : 15 juin 2015
Réception des articles complets : 15 octobre 2015 (25000 à 50000 signes)
Publication indicative du dossier thématique : septembre 2016
Coordinateurs du dossier
Olivier Balaÿ, architecte en exercice, urbaniste, professeur à l’École Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Lyon, chercheur au CRESSON, UMR AAU CNRS-MCC-ECN.
Stéphane Frioux, maître de conférences en histoire contemporaine, Université Lumière-Lyon2, Laboratoire de recherche historique Rhône-Alpes, UMR CNRS 5190.
Nathalie Simonnot, historienne de l’architecture, ingénieur de recherche, laboratoire LÉAV, École nationale supérieure d’architecture de Versailles